Elisa Margareth Sibarani, Simon Scerri, Camilo Morales, Sören Auer and Diego Collarana

Research & Innovation

Ontology-guided Skill Demand Analysis in the Job Market: A Cross-Sectional Study of Data Science Skill Demand

The rapid changes on the job market and the dramatic usage of the Web have triggered the need to analyze online job adverts. This paper presents an quantitative method to infer employers skill demand using co-word analysis based on skills keyword. These keywords are extracted automatically by an Ontology-based Information Extraction (OBIE) method. An ontology called Skills and Recruitment Ontology (SARO) has been developed to represent job postings in the context of skills and competencies needed to fill a job role. During the extraction and annotation of keywords, we focus on job posting attributes and job specific skills (Tool, Product, Topic). We present our system where cross-sectional study is decoupled in two phases: (1) a customized-pipeline for extracting information whose results are a matrix of co-occurrences and correlation; and (2) content analysis to visualize the keywords' structure and network. This method reveals the technical skills in demand together with their structure for revealing significant linkages. The evaluation of OBIE method indicates the promising result of automatic keyword indexing with an overall strict F-measure at 79%. The advantage of using an ontology and reusing semantic categories enables other research groups to reproduce this method and its results.